jueves, 10 de noviembre de 2016

Phrasal Verbs

List of most common used phrasal verbs:

phrasal verbmeaningexample sentence
ask sby outinvite on a dateBrian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.
ask aroundask many people the same questionasked around but nobody has seen my wallet.
add up tosthgequalYour purchases add up to $205.32.
back sthg upreverseYou'll have to back up your car so that I can get out.
back sby upsupportMy wife backed me up over my decision to quit my job.
blow upexplodeThe racing car blew up after it crashed into the fence.
blow sthg upadd airWe have to blow 50 balloons up for the party.
break downstop functioning (vehicle, machine)Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.
break downget upsetThe woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.
break sthgdowndivide into smaller partsOur teacher broke the final project down into three separate parts.
break inforce entry to a buildingSomebody broke in last night and stole our stereo.
break intosthgenter forciblyThe firemen had to break into the room to rescue the children.
break sthginwear sthg a few times so that it doesn't look/feel newI need to break these shoes in before we run next week.
break ininterruptThe TV station broke in to report the news of the president's death.
break upend a relationshipMy boyfriend and I broke up before I moved to America.
break upstart laughing (informal)The kids just broke up as soon as the clown started talking.
break outescapeThe prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren't looking.
break out insthgdevelop a skin conditionbroke out in a rash after our camping trip.
bring sbydownmake unhappyThis sad music is bringing me down.
bring sby upraise a childMy grandparents brought me up after my parents died.
bring sthgupstart talking about a subjectMy mother walks out of the room when my father brings up sports.
bring sthgupvomitHe drank so much that he brought his dinner up in the toilet.
call aroundphone many different places/peopleWe called around but we weren't able to find the car part we needed.
call sbybackreturn a phone callcalled the company back but the offices were closed for the weekend.
call sthg offcancelJason called the wedding off because he wasn't in love with his fiancé.
call on sbyask for an answer or opinionThe professor called on me for question 1.
call on sbyvisit sbyWe called on you last night but you weren't home.
call sby upphoneGive me your phone number and I will call you up when we are in town.
calm downrelax after being angryYou are still mad. You need to calm down before you drive the car.
not care forsby/ sthgnot like (formal)I don't care for his behaviour.
catch upget to the same point as sby elseYou'll have to run faster than that if you want to catch up with Marty.
check inarrive and register at a hotel or airportWe will get the hotel keys when we check in.
check outleave a hotelYou have to check out of the hotel before 11:00 AM.
check sby/ sthg outlook at carefully, investigateThe company checks out all new employees.
check outsby/ sthglook at (informal)Check out the crazy hair on that guy!
cheer upbecome happierShe cheered up when she heard the good news.
cheer sbyupmake happierI brought you some flowers to cheeryou up.
chip inhelpIf everyone chips in we can get the kitchen painted by noon.
clean sthguptidy, cleanPlease clean up your bedroom before you go outside.
come across sthgfind unexpectedlycame across these old photos when I was tidying the closet.
come apartseparateThe top and bottom come apart if you pull hard enough.
come down with sthgbecome sickMy nephew came down with chicken pox this weekend.
come forwardvolunteer for a task or to give evidenceThe woman came forward with her husband's finger prints.
come fromsome placeoriginate inThe art of origami comes from Asia.
count onsby/ sthgrely onI am counting on you to make dinner while I am out.
cross sthgoutdraw a line throughPlease cross out your old address and write your new one.
cut back onsthgconsume lessMy doctor wants me to cut back onsweets and fatty foods.
cut sthgdownmake sthg fall to the groundWe had to cut the old tree in our yard down after the storm.
cut ininterruptYour father cut in while I was dancing with your uncle.
cut inpull in too closely in front of another vehicleThe bus driver got angry when that car cut in.
cut instart operating (of an engine or electrical device)The air conditioner cuts in when the temperature gets to 22°C.
cut sthg offremove with sthg sharpThe doctors cut off his leg because it was severely injured.
cut sthg offstop providingThe phone company cut off our phone because we didn't pay the bill.
cut sby offtake out of a willMy grandparents cut my father offwhen he remarried.
cut sthg outremove part of sthg (usually with scissors and paper)cut this ad out of the newspaper.
do sby/ sthgoverbeat up, ransack (BrE, informal)He's lucky to be alive. His shop was done over by a street gang.
do sthg overdo again (AmE)My teacher wants me to do my essay over because she doesn't like my topic.
do away with sthgdiscardIt's time to do away with all of these old tax records.
do sthg upfasten, closeDo your coat up before you go outside. It's snowing!
dress upwear nice clothingIt's a fancy restaurant so we have to dress up.
drop backmove back in a position/groupAndrea dropped back to third place when she fell off her bike.
drop in/ by/ overcome without an appointmentI might drop in/by/over for tea sometime this week.
drop sby/ sthg offtake sby/ sthg somewhere and leave them/it thereI have to drop my sister off at work before I come over.
drop outquit a class, school etcdropped out of Science because it was too difficult.
eat outeat at a restaurantI don't feel like cooking tonight. Let's eat out.
end upeventually reach/do/decideWe ended up renting a movie instead of going to the theatre.
fall apartbreak into piecesMy new dress fell apart in the washing machine.
fall downfall to the groundThe picture that you hung up last night fell down this morning.
fall outseparate from an interiorThe money must have fallen out of my pocket.
fall out(of hair, teeth) become loose and unattachedHis hair started to fall out when he was only 35.
figure sthgoutunderstand, find the answerI need to figure out how to fit the piano and the bookshelf in this room.
fill sthg into write information in blanks, as on a form (BrE)Please fill in the form with your name, address, and phone number.
fill sthg outto write information in blanks, as on a form (AmE)The form must be filled out in capital letters.
fill sthg upfill to the topI always fill the water jug up when it is empty.
find outdiscoverWe don't know where he lives. How can we find out?
find sthg outdiscoverWe tried to keep the time of the party a secret, but Samantha found it out.
get sthgacross/ overcommunicate, make understandableI tried to get my point across/overto the judge but she wouldn't listen.
get along/onlike each otherI was surprised how well my new girlfriend and my sister got along/on.
get aroundhave mobilityMy grandfather can get around fine in his new wheelchair.
get awaygo on a vacationWe worked so hard this year that we had to get away for a week.
get away with sthgdo without being noticed or punishedJason always gets away withcheating in his maths tests.
get backreturnWe got back from our vacation last week.
get sthgbackreceive sthg you had beforeLiz finally got her Science notes backfrom my room-mate.
get back atsbyretaliate, take revengeMy sister got back at me for stealing her shoes. She stole my favourite hat.
get back into sthgbecome interested in sthg againI finally got back into my novel and finished it.
get on sthgstep onto a vehicleWe're going to freeze out here if you don't let us get on the bus.
get oversthgrecover from an illness, loss, difficultyI just got over the flu and now my sister has it.
get oversthgovercome a problemThe company will have to close if it can't get over the new regulations.
get round tosthgfinally find time to do (AmE: get around tosthg)I don't know when I am going to get round to writing the thank you cards.
get togethermeet (usually for social reasons)Let's get together for a BBQ this weekend.
get upget out of bedgot up early today to study for my exam.
get upstandYou should get up and give the elderly man your seat.
give sbyawayreveal hidden information about sbyHis wife gave him away to the police.
give sbyawaytake the bride to the altarMy father gave me away at my wedding.
give sthgawayruin a secretMy little sister gave the surprise party away by accident.
give sthgawaygive sthg to sby for freeThe library was giving away old books on Friday.
give sthgbackreturn a borrowed itemI have to give these skates back to Franz before his hockey game.
give inreluctantly stop fighting or arguingMy boyfriend didn't want to go to the ballet, but he finally gave in.
give sthgoutgive to many people (usually at no cost)They were giving out free perfume samples at the department store.
give sthg upquit a habitI am giving up smoking as of January 1st.
give upstop tryingMy maths homework was too difficult so I gave up.
go after sbyfollow sbyMy brother tried to go after the thief in his car.
go after sthgtry to achieve sthgwent after my dream and now I am a published writer.
go againstsbycompete, opposeWe are going against the best soccer team in the city tonight.
go aheadstart, proceedPlease go ahead and eat before the food gets cold.
go backreturn to a placeI have to go back home and get my lunch.
go outleave home to go on a social eventWe're going out for dinner tonight.
go out withsbydateJesse has been going out with Luke since they met last winter.
go over sthgreviewPlease go over your answers before you submit your test.
go overvisit sby nearbyI haven't seen Tina for a long time. I think I'll go over for an hour or two.
go withoutsthgsuffer lack or deprivationWhen I was young, we went withoutwinter boots.
grow apartstop being friends over timeMy best friend and I grew apart after she changed schools.
grow backregrowMy roses grew back this summer.
grow intosthggrow big enough to fitThis bike is too big for him now, but he should grow into it by next year.
grow out ofsthgget too big forElizabeth needs a new pair of shoes because she has grown out of her old ones.
grow upbecome an adultWhen Jack grows up he wants to be a fireman.
hand sthgdowngive sthg used to sby elsehanded my old comic books downto my little cousin.
hand sthg insubmitI have to hand in my essay by Friday.
hand sthgoutto distribute to a group of peopleWe will hand out the invitations at the door.
hand sthgovergive (usually unwillingly)The police asked the man to hand over his wallet and his weapons.
hang instay positive (informal)Hang in there. I'm sure you'll find a job very soon.
hang onwait a short time (informal)Hang on while I grab my coat and shoes!
hang outspend time relaxing (informal)Instead of going to the party we are just going to hang out at my place.
hang upend a phone callHe didn't say goodbye before he hung up.
hold sby/ sthg backprevent from doing/goingI had to hold my dog back because there was a cat in the park.
hold sthgbackhide an emotionJamie held back his tears at his grandfather's funeral.
hold onwait a short timePlease hold on while I transfer you to the Sales Department.
hold ontosby/ sthghold firmly using your hands or armsHold onto your hat because it's very windy outside.
hold sby/ sthguprobA man in a black mask held the bank up this morning.
keep on doing sthgcontinue doingKeep on stirring until the liquid comes to a boil.
keep sthgfrom sbynot tellWe kept our relationship from our parents for two years.
keep sby/ sthg outstop from enteringTry to keep the wet dog out of the living room.
keep sthg upcontinue at the same rateIf you keep those results up you will get into a great college.
let sbydownfail to support or help, disappointI need you to be on time. Don't let me down this time.
let sby inallow to enterCan you let the cat in before you go to school?
log in (or on)sign in (to a website, database etc)I can't log in to Facebook because I've forgotten my password.
log out (or off)sign out (of a website, database etc)If you don't log off somebody could get into your account.
look aftersby/ sthgtake care ofI have to look after my sick grandmother.
look down on sbythink less of, consider inferiorEver since we stole that chocolate bar your dad has looked down on me.
look for sby/ sthgtry to findI'm looking for a red dress for the wedding.
look forward tosthgbe excited about the futureI'm looking forward to the Christmas break.
look intosthginvestigateWe are going to look into the price of snowboards today.
look outbe careful, vigilant, and take noticeLook out! That car's going to hit you!
look out forsby/ sthgbe especially vigilant forDon't forget to look out for snakes on the hiking trail.
look sthgovercheck, examineCan you look over my essay for spelling mistakes?
look sthg upsearch and find information in a reference book or databaseWe can look her phone number up on the Internet.
look up tosbyhave a lot of respect forMy little sister has always looked upto me.
make sthgupinvent, lie about sthgJosie made up a story about why we were late.
make upforgive each otherWe were angry last night, but we made up at breakfast.
make sby upapply cosmetics toMy sisters made me up for my graduation party.
mix sthg upconfuse two or more thingsmixed up the twins' names again!
pass awaydieHis uncle passed away last night after a long illness.
pass outfaintIt was so hot in the church that an elderly lady passed out.
pass sthgoutgive the same thing to many peopleThe professor passed the textbooks out before class.
pass sthg updecline (usually sthg good)passed up the job because I am afraid of change.
pay sbybackreturn owed moneyThanks for buying my ticket. I'll payyou back on Friday.
pay for sthgbe punished for doing sthg badThat bully will pay for being mean to my little brother.
pick sthgoutchoosepicked out three sweaters for you to try on.
point sby/ sthg outindicate with your fingerI'll point my boyfriend out when he runs by.
put sthgdownput what you are holding on a surface or floorYou can put the groceries down on the kitchen counter.
put sbydowninsult, make sby feel stupidThe students put the substitute teacher down because his pants were too short.
put sthg offpostponeWe are putting off our trip until January because of the hurricane.
put sthg outextinguishThe neighbours put the fire out before the firemen arrived.
put sthgtogetherassembleI have to put the crib together before the baby arrives.
put up withsby/ sthgtolerateI don't think I can put up with three small children in the car.
put sthg onput clothing/ accessories on your bodyDon't forget to put on your new earrings for the party.
run intosby/ sthgmeet unexpectedlyran into an old school-friend at the mall.
run oversby/ sthgdrive a vehicle over a person or thingI accidentally ran over your bicycle in the driveway.
run over/ throughsthgrehearse, reviewLet's run over/through these lines one more time before the show.
run awayleave unexpectedly, escapeThe child ran away from home and has been missing for three days.
run outhave none leftWe ran out of shampoo so I had to wash my hair with soap.
send sthgbackreturn (usually by mail)My letter got sent back to me because I used the wrong stamp.
set sthg uparrange, organizeOur boss set a meeting up with the president of the company.
set sby uptrick, trapThe police set up the car thief by using a hidden camera.
shop aroundcompare pricesI want to shop around a little before I decide on these boots.
show offact extra special for people watching (usually boastfully)He always shows off on his skateboard
sleep overstay somewhere for the night (informal)You should sleep over tonight if the weather is too bad to drive home.
sort sthg outorganize, resolve a problemWe need to sort the bills out before the first of the month.
stick to sthgcontinue doing sthg, limit yourself to one particular thingYou will lose weight if you stick to the diet.
switch sthgoffstop the energy flow, turn offThe light's too bright. Could you switch it off.
switch sthgonstart the energy flow, turn onWe heard the news as soon as we switched on the car radio.
take aftersbyresemble a family membertake after my mother. We are both impatient.
take sthgapartpurposely break into piecesHe took the car brakes apart and found the problem.
take sthgbackreturn an itemI have to take our new TV backbecause it doesn't work.
take offstart to flyMy plane takes off in five minutes.
take sthg offremove sthg (usually clothing)Take off your socks and shoes and come in the lake!
take sthgoutremove from a place or thingCan you take the garbage out to the street for me?
take sby outpay for sby to go somewhere with youMy grandparents took us out for dinner and a movie.
tear sthg uprip into piecestore up my ex-boyfriend's letters and gave them back to him.
think backremember (often + to, sometimes + on)When I think back on my youth, I wish I had studied harder.
think sthgoverconsiderI'll have to think this job offer overbefore I make my final decision.
throw sthgawaydispose ofWe threw our old furniture awaywhen we won the lottery.
turn sthgdowndecrease the volume or strength (heat, light etc)Please turn the TV down while the guests are here.
turn sthgdownrefuseturned the job down because I don't want to move.
turn sthg offstop the energy flow, switch offYour mother wants you to turn the TV off and come for dinner.
turn sthg onstart the energy, switch onIt's too dark in here. Let's turn some lights on.
turn sthg upincrease the volume or strength (heat, light etc)Can you turn the music up? This is my favourite song.
turn upappear suddenlyOur cat turned up after we put posters up all over the neighbourhood.
try sthg onsample clothingI'm going to try these jeans on, but I don't think they will fit.
try sthg outtestI am going to try this new brand of detergent out.
use sthg upfinish the supplyThe kids used all of the toothpaste upso we need to buy some more.
wake upstop sleepingWe have to wake up early for work on Monday.
warm sby/ sthg upincrease the temperatureYou can warm your feet up in front of the fireplace.
warm upprepare body for exerciseI always warm up by doing sit-ups before I go for a run.
wear offfade awayMost of my make-up wore off before I got to the party.
work outexercisework out at the gym three times a week.
work outbe successfulOur plan worked out fine.
work sthgoutmake a calculationWe have to work out the total cost before we buy the house.
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