lunes, 21 de diciembre de 2015

False Friends and Cognates

Resultado de imagen de false friends english spanish
False friends are words in two languages that look or sound similar, but differ significantly in meaning. An example is the English "embarrassed" and the Spanish "embarazada" (which means pregnant), or the word "sensible", which means "reasonable / razonable" and "sensitive" meaning "sensible" in Spanish...
Meanwhile a cognate is an easy word to remember because it looks and means the same thing as a word you already know. For example, "gratitude" in English means the same as "gratitud" in Spanish.

Here you have a list of the most common false friends:

Baby Cakes by Neil Gaiman

A few years back all of the animals went away.

We woke up one morning, and they just weren't there anymore. They didn't even leave us a note, or say goodbye. We never figured out quite where they'd gone.

We missed them.

Some of us thought that the world had ended, but it hadn't. There just weren't any more animals. No cats or rabbits, no dogs or whales, no fish in the seas, no birds in the skies.

We were all alone.

We didn't know what to do.

domingo, 20 de diciembre de 2015

Islands in the world...

Resultado de imagen de facts about islandsWhat is an Island? 

Islands are areas of land that are not connected to a continent and are surrounded by water. Small islands are sometimes called cays, keys, or islets. A group of islands is often called an archipelago. 

There are two main type of islands; continental islands and oceanic islands. Continental islands are part of a continental shelf. One example of this is Great Britain is an island that sits on the continental shelf of Europe. Oceanic islands are islands that don't sit on a continental shelf. Many oceanic islands are formed by undersea volcanoes like Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean. 

Below are some of the major islands in the world: 


Greenland is by far the world's largest island that is not a continent. It covers 822,706 square miles which is more than double the second largest island, New Guinea. For such a large island, Greenland only has a population of around 56,000 people making it one of the least densely populated places in the world. This is because most of Greenland is covered by a sheet of ice. Greenland is part of the continent of North America, but politically has generally been part of Europe through the country of Denmark. 

Great Britain 

Great Britain is the ninth largest island in the world and is the largest island in the British Isles. It is the third most populated island in the world. The British Empire was centered here and at its peak in the 18th to 20th century was the largest empire in the history of the world. It is part of Europe and is located off the northwest coast of France. 


Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world. It's located off the southeast coast of Africa. Madagascar is home to many animal and plant species that can't be found anywhere else on the planet. Around 80% of the plant and animal life on the island can only be found on Madagascar. It is so unique some scientists refer to it as the eighth continent. 


Honshu is the largest island that makes up the country of Japan. It is the seventh largest island and has the second most people after the island of Java with a population of over 100 million. The highest mountain on Honshu is the famous volcano Mount Fuji and the largest city is Tokyo. 


Luzon is the main island of a large number of islands that make up the country of the Philippines. It is the fifth most populated island in the world and is home to the city of Manila. Manila Bay is considered to be one of the best natural port harbors in the world due to its size and location. 

Resultado de imagen de facts about islandsThe 10 Strangest Islands in the World

Fun Facts about Islands of the World
  • Java is the world's most populated island with over 130 million people.
  • The highest mountain on an island is Puncak Jaya on the island of New Guinea.
  • Some islands are manmade. One example of this is the Kansai Airport in Japan which sits on a manmade island.
  • The term desert island is an island with no people on it. This does not mean that the island is a desert, but rather that it is deserted.
  • Napoleon Bonaparte was born on the island of Corsica.
  • The largest island in the Mediterranean Sea is Sicily.
  • Around 1 in 6 people on the planet live on an island.
Top 10 Islands by size and population

domingo, 13 de diciembre de 2015

Facts about language...

  • There are more than 7,000 languages in the world.
  • There are 50,000 characters in Chinese. You need to know 2,000 to read a newspaper.
  • 12.44% of the world’s people speak Mandarin as their first language.
  • There are 2,200 languages in Asia.
  • 1/4 of the world’s population speaks at least a little English.
  • 50% of educational time in Luxembourg is used for learning English, German, and French.
  • There are 13 ways to spell the ‘O’ sound in French, only one in Spanish!
  • There is a language in Botswana that consists of mainly 5 types of clicks.
  • There are 2,400 languages classified as being ‘endangered’.
  • 231 languages are now completely extinct.
  • One language dies about every 14 days.
  • Eastern Siberia, Northwest Pacific Plateau of North America, And Northern Australia are hotspots for endangered languages.
  • There are 12 imaginary languages in Lord of The Rings.
  • Esperanto is an artificial language, but is spoken by about 500,000 to 2,000,000 people, and 2 feature films have been done in the language.
  • There are 24 working languages of the EU.
  • There are 6 official UN languages.
  • The bible is available in 2454 languages.
  • The oldest written language was believed to be written in about 4500 BC.
  • South Africa has 11 official languages – the most for a single country.
  • The pope tweets in 9 languages.
  • The US has no official language.
  • You can us an ATM in Latin in Vatican City.

sábado, 31 de octubre de 2015

Guy Fawkes Day

Guy Fawkes Night is held on November 5th every year. 

It is also known as Bonfire Night and marks the anniversary of the discovery of a plot organized by some Catholic conspirators to blow up the Houses of Parliament in London in 1605!

To celebrate it, people in the UK light bonfires and set off fireworks. 
It is the ideal opportunity to burn garden rubbish as it is the end of autumn. Some people light small bonfires in their own gardens, while others light larger ones in a common space.
Due to its proximity to Halloween, many people organize a combined party for Guy Fawkes Night and Halloween! These parties usually include elements from both festivals, such as a bonfire and dressing up in spooky outfits. 
Popular foods this day include toffee apples, bonfire toffee and potatoes baked in the ashes of the fire. 

Now, try these exercises!!:

martes, 16 de junio de 2015

Review, 1º de Bachillerato

1.      Use Present Simple or Present Continuous:

a) He usually ____________ (drink) a couple of beers in the afternoon.

b) Why are you here? ____________________ (wait) for anyone?

c) His father __________________(not call) very often, but mine does.

d) This film is boring. I__________________ (fall) asleep..

e) When ________________ (come) to school? From Monday to Friday!

2.      Use Present Perfect Simple or Past Simple:

1.       He ____________ (live) in Vallecas all these years.

2.      We ____________ (go) to Benidorm after we ______________ (finish) school.

3.      She _____________ (start) driving when she was only 14 years old.

4.      I __________________ (see) two good programs this year.

5.      He ________________ (finish) cleaning the kitchen yet.

3.      Use “Will” or “Be going to”:

a)      I passed my exam!  I _________________ (buy) something to celebrate.

b)      Why is she so happy? Because we ________________ (go) to a restaurant tonight.

c)      I failed! Don´t worry, Frank ______________ help you if you ask him to.

d)     I have something clear:  __________________ (go) to University next year.

e)      I ______________________ (preparing) a party for my friends, so I must buy drinks.

4.      Change from active into passive:

a)      He must do the exercises completely __________________________________________

b)      My father brought me to my friend´s. _________________________________________

c)      They repair shoes in this shop.________________________________________________

d)     Someone is growing beans here. ______________________________________________

e)      He hit a man in the street. ____________________________________________________

5.      Use modal verbs:

1. You ___________ wear a safety helmet in this place. It is advisable.

2. You ___________talk loudly in class. It is forbidden.

3. We ___________ get a good mark if we studied. Let´s do it!

4. People __________ smoke in this school. The law banned it.

5. It ___________________snow. Look at the clouds. It is too dark.

6. I_____________ help you if you want to get it done!

6. Conditionals:

1.      We would have gone to the shops if we _______________________(have) any money.

2.      My mum will get angry if ________________________(not go) home.

3.      If she ___________ (not come) to school, she wouldn't have obtained her title.

4.      If I ___________________(see) you, I would have told you!

5.      If I were you, I _________________ (ask) that question to the teacher.

7. Reported Speech:

1.      “My bag is still in class”.  She told me__________________________________________

2.      “Be quiet!”.  The teacher told me ______________________________________________

3.      “Have you ever played this game?”. He asked me__________________________________

4.      “What are you doing?” She asked him __________________________________________

5.      “Don't be late for school!” The teacher told us____________________________________

8. Form nouns from verbs:

- arrive: ______________                                          - perform: ______________

- agree: ______________                                          - mean: ______________

- create: ______________                                         - accept: ______________

- refuse: ______________                                         - build: ______________

- ignore: ______________                                         - survive: ______________

9. Write a sentence using those words you created in the previous activity.


viernes, 5 de junio de 2015

Modals, Passive, Reported Speech, Conditionals

Rewrite in Passive Voice:

1. He opened that shop last year.

2. They are changing the climate with this attitude:

3. Your father left the house right now.

4. They were drinking water when the car crashed.

5. They will take the dog out tonight.

Use a modal verb in affirmative or negative to rewrite these sentences:

1. If I were you, I would tell the truth.

2. It´s possible that they will come later, but I don´t know for sure.

3. You are not allowed to smoke in here.

4. She wasn´t able to ride a bike.

5. We have the ability to change the future of the world.

Rewrite in Reported Speech:

1. He said: "Take your bag and go to school".

2. Their boss said to them, "You can open the doors now".

3. She said: "I won´t be going with you because my father doesn´t let me to".

4. Their parents asked them: "How often do you go to the swimming pool?.

5. Her mother asked me: "How many friends do you have?".

Complete the sentences to have proper conditional sentences:

1. I am not good at chess. If I_______ (be) taller it _______ (be) great.

2. Can you help me with my homework? Sure. If you ___________ (tell) me the pages, I ___________ (get) it ready.

3. Can we go to the shops? If we ____ (see) the bus, we ______ (take) it and go.

4. I wish I were rich. If I ______ (have) a lot of money I _____ (travel) around the world.

martes, 12 de mayo de 2015

Bachillerato, review

Vocabulary:  Environment, energy, the city.

Farming, pesticides, deforestation, bypass, pedestrian, campaign, sign, resources, greenhouse, development, warming, desertification, famine…

Question tags:

You have been waiting… Haven´t you?

There are many people… Aren´t there?

They will help you… Won´t they?

She likes you... doesn´t she?

They ate everything... didn´t they?

can/could/be, able to may/might, should/ought to must/have to

You are late… You should apoligize.

He is ill… He ought to go to the doctor.

He is not able to find his glasses… He can´t find them.

We are not allowed to bring mobile phones to school… We may not take them to school.

I think he is a teacher... He might be a teacher.

He has to go with you... He must go.

Passive Voice: 
Be + past perfect 
(Always perfect –third column- after the verb “to be”)

My father gave me a present: A present was given to me / I was given a present (by him).

They are building houses: Houses are being built.

You cannot do it: It cannot be done.

Did you tell them to do it?: Were they told to do it?.

Have yoy told them to do it?: Have they been told to do it?.

When did they create it?: When was it created?.

He will finish the work this week: The work will be finished this week.

Revise pages 11,12 and 13 of yor grammar in: