lunes, 13 de marzo de 2017

Modal verbs

The modal verbs include can, must, may, might, will, would, should. They are used with other verbs to express ability, obligation, possibility, and so on. Below is a list showing the most useful modals and their most common meanings:

ModalMeaningExample
canto express abilitycan speak a little Russian.
canto request permissionCan I open the window?
mayto express possibilitymay be home late.
mayto request permissionMay I sit down, please?
mustto express obligationmust go now.
mustto express strong beliefShe must be over 90 years old.
shouldto give adviceYou should stop smoking.
wouldto request or offerWould you like a cup of tea?
wouldin if-sentencesIf I were you, I would say sorry.

Modal verbs are unlike other verbs. They do not change their form (spelling) and they have no infinitive or participle (past/present). 
The modals must and can need substitute verbs to express obligation or ability in the different tenses. Here are some examples:

Past simpleSorry I'm late. I had to finish my math test.
Present perfectShe's had to return to Korea at short notice.
FutureYou'll have to work hard if you want to pass the exams.
InfinitiveI don't want to have to go.
Past simpleI couldn't/wasn't able to walk until I was 3 years old.
Present perfectI haven't been able to solve this problem. Can you help?
FutureI'm not sure if I will be able to come to your party.
InfinitiveI would love to be able to play the piano.

Modals are auxiliary verbs. They do not need an additional auxiliary in negatives or questions. For example: Must I come? (Do I must come?), or: He shouldn't smoke (He doesn't should smoke).


A quiz on modals:



lunes, 13 de febrero de 2017

A recipe: Pizza Salad

Ingredients:

- Two red tomatoes
- A piece of Mozzarela or Tofu cheese
- Half an onion
- Some olive oil
- A piece of bread (a roll sliced in two or two toasts)
- A bit of oregano and/or basil


Directions:

Chop the tomatoes in small cubes and put in a bowl.
Then chop some cheese into smaller pieces.
Cut very thin slices of onion and add them.
Pour some olive oil over the mixed ingredients.
Season with oregano and a bit of salt.
Mix everything gently and spread on top of the toast.
Grill for a couple of minutes in the oven if you want to...

Enjoy!!!!



VOCABULARY:
chop: cortar
slice: rodaja
season: sazonar
thin: fino
add: añadir
mix: mezclar
piece: trozo
spread: untar, extender 


Do you want to try more recipes? 
Have a look here:
http://ohmyveggies.com/

jueves, 10 de noviembre de 2016

Phrasal Verbs



List of most common used phrasal verbs:

phrasal verbmeaningexample sentence
ask sby outinvite on a dateBrian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.
ask aroundask many people the same questionasked around but nobody has seen my wallet.
add up tosthgequalYour purchases add up to $205.32.
back sthg upreverseYou'll have to back up your car so that I can get out.
back sby upsupportMy wife backed me up over my decision to quit my job.
blow upexplodeThe racing car blew up after it crashed into the fence.
blow sthg upadd airWe have to blow 50 balloons up for the party.
break downstop functioning (vehicle, machine)Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.
break downget upsetThe woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.
break sthgdowndivide into smaller partsOur teacher broke the final project down into three separate parts.
break inforce entry to a buildingSomebody broke in last night and stole our stereo.
break intosthgenter forciblyThe firemen had to break into the room to rescue the children.
break sthginwear sthg a few times so that it doesn't look/feel newI need to break these shoes in before we run next week.
break ininterruptThe TV station broke in to report the news of the president's death.
break upend a relationshipMy boyfriend and I broke up before I moved to America.
break upstart laughing (informal)The kids just broke up as soon as the clown started talking.

domingo, 31 de enero de 2016

Irregular verbs

InfinitiveSimple PastPast ParticipleSpanish
arisearosearisensurgir
bewas / werebeenser
beatbeatbeatengolpear
becomebecamebecomeconvertirse
begin
beganbegun
comenzar
betbet/bettedbet/bettedapostar
bitebitbittenmorder
bleedbledbledsangrar
blowblewblownsoplar
breakbrokebrokenromper
bringbroughtbroughttraer
buildbuiltbuiltconstruir
buyboughtboughtcomprar
catchcaughtcaughtatrapar
choosechosechosenelegir
comecamecomevenir
costcostcostcostar
creepcreptcreptarrastrarse
cut
cutcut
cortar
dealdealtdealtdar, repartir
dodiddonehacer
drawdrewdrawndibujar
dreamdreamt/dreameddreamt/dreamedsoñar
drinkdrankdrunkbeber
drivedrovedrivenconducir
eatateeatencomer
fallfellfallencaer
feedfedfedalimentar
feelfeltfeltsentir
fightfoughtfoughtpelear
findfoundfoundencontrar
fleefledfledhuir
flyflewflownvolar
forgetforgotforgottenolvidar
forgiveforgaveforgivenperdonar
forsakeforsookforsakenabandonar
freezefrozefrozencongelar
getgotgottener, obtener
givegavegivendar
gowentgoneir
grindgroundgroundmoler
growgrewgrowncrecer
hanghunghungcolgar
havehadhadtener
hearheardheardoír
hidehidhiddenesconderse
hithithitgolpear
holdheldheldtener, mantener
hurthurthurtherir, doler
keepkeptkeptguardar
kneelkneltkneltarrodillarse
knowknewknownsaber
leadledledencabezar
learnlearnt/learnedlearnt/learnedaprender
leaveleftleftdejar
lendlentlentprestar
letletletdejar
lielaylainyacer
loselostlostperder
makemademadehacer
meanmeantmeantsignificar
meetmetmetconocer, encontrar
paypaidpaidpagar
putputputponer
quitquit/quittedquit/quittedabandonar
readreadreadleer
rideroderiddenmontar, ir
ringrangrungllamar por teléfono
riseroserisenelevar
runranruncorrer
saysaidsaiddecir
seesawseenver
sellsoldsoldvender
sendsentsentenviar
setsetsetfijar
sewsewedsewn/sewedcoser
shakeshookshakensacudir
shineshoneshonebrillar
shootshotshotdisparar
showshowedshown/showedmostrar
shrinkshrank/shrunkshrunkencoger
shutshutshutcerrar
singsangsungcantar
sinksanksunkhundir
sitsatsatsentarse
sleepsleptsleptdormir
slideslidsliddeslizar
sowsowedsown/sowedsembrar
speakspokespokenhablar
spellspelt/spelledspelt/spelleddeletrear
spendspentspentgastar
spillspilt/spilledspilt/spilledderramar
splitsplitsplitpartir
spoilspoilt/spoiledspoilt/spoiledestropear
spreadspreadspreadextenderse
standstoodstoodestar de pie
stealstolestolenrobar
stingstungstungpicar
stinkstank/stunkstunkapestar
strikestruckstruckgolpear
swearsworeswornjurar
sweepsweptsweptbarrer
swimswamswumnadar
taketooktakentomar
teachtaughttaughtenseñar
teartoretornromper
telltoldtolddecir
thinkthoughtthoughtpensar
throwthrewthrownlanzar
treadtrodetrodden/trodpisar
understandunderstoodunderstoodentender
wakewokewokendespertarse
wearworewornllevar puesto
weavewovewoventejer
weepweptweptllorar
winwonwonganar
wringwrungwrungretorcer
writewrotewrittenescribir




Click here to review:

http://www.englishexercises.org/


Lista de verbos para niveles básicos